::: : Bio Medical Waste Management


 Bio- Medical Waste Management:

Management Team:  Nursing Supt. In charge
Categorization of Waste:    As per the norms specified by Tamilnadu Health system society.
Training on Waste Management:    Already given to all Para medicals and staff nurses.

 

 

 
BIOMEDICAL WASTE RULES 2016 ARE FOLLOWED STRINGENTLY IN OUR hospital under the surveillance of Department of Microbiology,GTVMC.SEGREGATION IS DONE AT SOURCE AND ADEQUATE RECORD  ARE maintained.
 
BIOMEDICAL WASTE MANAGEMENT TEAM:
 
CHAIRMAN:DEAN
NODAL OFFICER:DR.VIKRAM BALAJI,M.D(MICROBIOLOGY)
RMO
BIOMEDICAL WASTE STAFF:
 
BIOMEDICAL WASTE rounds is conducted on a daily basis by BMW staff. The team makes rounds with a fixed ATP plan including all wards on every Tuesday. This is excluding the surprise visits by members of the team. Enteries,segregation errors are noted and corrective plans executed.
 
Training:
All staff members,faculty,residents,hospital workers have beeen given a one day training on BMW rules -2016 by the department of Microbiology in association with the Hospital infection control committee .

 

BIOMEDICAL WASTES CATEGORIES AND THEIR SEGREGATION, COLLECTION, TREATMENT, PROCESSING AND
DISPOSAL OPTIONS-BMW RULES 2016
Category Type of Waste Type of Bag or
Container to be
used
 
Treatment and Disposal option
(1)
 
(2) (3) (4)
Yellow
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
a) Human Anatomical
Waste:
Human tissues, organs,
body parts and fetus below
the viability period (as per
the Medical Termination of
Pregnancy Act 1971,
amended from time to
time).
 
Yellow coloured
non-chlorinated
plastic bags
Incineration or Plasma Pyrolysis or deep
burial*
 
b)Animal Anatomical
Waste :
Experimental animal
carcasses, body parts,
organs, tissues, including
the waste generated from
animals used in experiments
or testing in veterinary
hospitals or colleges or
animal houses.
 
   
(c) Soiled Waste:
Items contaminated with
blood, body fluids like
dressings, plaster casts,
cotton swabs and bags
containing residual or
discarded blood and blood
components.
 
  Incineration or Plasma Pyrolysis or deep
burial*
In absence of above facilities, autoclaving or
micro-waving/ hydroclaving followed by
shredding or mutilation or combination of
sterilization and shredding. Treated waste to
be sent for energy recovery
(d) Expired or Discarded
Medicines: Pharmaceutical
waste like antibiotics,
cytotoxic drugs including
all items contaminated with
cytotoxic drugs along with
glass or plastic ampoules,
vials etc.
 
Yellow coloured
non-chlorinated
plastic bags or
containers
 
Expired `cytotoxic drugs and items
contaminated with cytotoxic drugs to be
returned back to the manufacturer or supplier
for incineration at temperature >1200 0C or to
common bio-medical waste treatment facility
or hazardous waste treatment, storage and
disposal facility for incineration at >12000C
Or Encapsulation or Plasma Pyrolysis at
>12000C.
All other discarded medicines shall be either
sent back to manufacturer or disposed by
incineration
 
(e) Chemical Waste:
Chemicals used in
production of biological and
used or discarded
disinfectants
Yellow coloured
containers or nonchlorinated
plastic
bags
Disposed of by incineration or Plasma
Pyrolysis or Encapsulation in hazardous
waste treatment, storage and disposal facility
(f) Chemical Liquid
Waste:
Liquid waste generated due
to use of chemicals in
production of biological and
used or discarded
disinfectants, Silver X-ray
film developing liquid,
discarded Formalin,
infected secretions,
aspirated body
fluids, liquid from
laboratories and floor
washings, cleaning, housekeeping
and disinfecting
activities etc.
Separate collection
system leading to
effluent treatment
system
After resource recovery, the chemical liquid
waste shall be pre-treated before mixing with
other wastewater. The combined discharge
shall conform to the discharge norms given in
Schedule- III.
 
(g) Discarded linen,
mattresses, beddings
contaminated with blood or
body fluid.
 
Non-chlorinated
yellow plastic bags
or suitable packing
material
Non- chlorinated chemical disinfection
followed by incineration or Plazma Pyrolysis
or for energy recovery.
In absence of above facilities, shredding or
mutilation or combination of sterilization and
shredding. Treated waste to be sent for energy
recovery or incineration or Plazma Pyrolysis.
 
(h) Microbiology,
Biotechnology and other
clinical laboratory waste:
Blood bags, Laboratory
cultures, stocks or
specimens of microorganisms,
live or
attenuated vaccines, human
and animal cell cultures
used in research, industrial
laboratories, production of biological, residual
toxins, dishes and
devices used for
cultures.
 
Autoclave safe
plastic bags or
containers
Pre-treat to sterilize with non-chlorinated
chemicals on-site as per National AIDS
Control Organisation or World Health
Organisation guidelines thereafter for
Incineration
Red Contaminated Waste
(Recyclable)
(a) Wastes generated from
disposable items such as
tubing, bottles, intravenous
tubes and sets, catheters,
urine bags, syringes
(without needles and fixed
needle syringes) and
vaccutainers with their
needles cut) and gloves.
 
Red coloured nonchlorinated
plastic
bags or containers
Autoclaving or micro-waving/ hydroclaving
followed by shredding or mutilation or
combination of sterilization and shredding.
Treated waste to be sent to registered or
authorized recyclers or for energy recovery or
plastics to diesel or fuel oil or for road
making, whichever is possible.
Plastic waste should not be sent to landfill sites.
 
White
(Translucent)
 
Waste sharps including
Metals:
Needles, syringes with
fixed needles, needles from
needle tip cutter or burner,
scalpels, blades, or any
other contaminated sharp
object that may cause
puncture and cuts. This
includes both used,
discarded and contaminated
metal sharps
 
Puncture proof,
Leak proof,
tamper proof
containers
 
Autoclaving or Dry Heat Sterilization
followed by shredding or mutilation or
encapsulation in metal container or cement
concrete; combination of shredding cum
autoclaving; and sent for final disposal to iron
foundries (having consent to operate from the
State Pollution Control Boards or Pollution
Control Committees) or sanitary landfill or
designated concrete waste sharp pit.
 
Blue (a) Glassware:
Broken or discarded and
contaminated glass
including medicine vials
and ampoules except those
contaminated with
cytotoxic wastes.
 
Cardboard boxes
with blue colored
marking
 
Disinfection (by soaking the washed glass
waste after cleaning with detergent and
Sodium Hypochlorite treatment) or through
autoclaving or microwaving or hydroclaving
and then sent for recycling
  (b) Metallic Body
Implants
 
Cardboard boxes
with blue colored
marking
 

 



 

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